SLAVIC WORLD


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United Jewish Appeal of Greater Toronto

 
 
Ova ogromna jevrejska proklamacija u Torontu prosto kaže:

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Šaljemo li mi našu decu nenaoružanu u rat ideja?

Novi izazovi. Večna moć.

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Mi pitamo: Šta po tom pitanju rade Sloveni???

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На огромном еврейском рекламном щите в Торонто написано:

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Посылаем ли мы наших детей на идейную войну не вооружёнными?

Новые требования. Вечная сила.

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 Мы спрашиваем : А славяне подготовлены в этом вопросе ???

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 INTRODUCING THE SLAV PEOPLES

Who are the Slavs?

Here is the first thing you should know. In short, they are:

Belorussians, Bulgarians, Croats, Czechs, Lužice Serbs, Macedonians, Poles, Russians, Russyns (Karpatorussians – Lemko), Serbs, Slovaks, Slovenes and Ukrainians. Most of them have their own states and some not. There are some sub groups not mentioned. Slavs number over 300.000.000 people and their homelands make up almost 25% of globe’s territory. They are overwhelmingly Christian and few have converted to Islam under duress of Turkish occupation.

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Slavs are a diverse lot. They are individualistic, unyielding, proud and hospitable. Above all, they are civilized, peaceful and freedom loving. If they trust you, they will give you their heart. But if you attack and betray them, all these traits are set aside and they will go after you with only one goal in mind; to get you.

    

The caption in this Soviet book says:" Each one of them wanted a piece of our land - they got their wish

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The oldest Slavic idea is Slavic unity. It is an unrealized dream since the ancient times when that unity was a matter of course. That idea of unity has possessed us ever since alien religions created empires and divided us into their spheres of influence.

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If you think that the Slavs have already achieved unity, you are out of touch with reality but if you think that Slav unity does not matter, you are out of your mind. If you think that Slavs should strive for unity, you are in the right website.

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Prague Slav Congress 1848 Manifesto :

Austro-Slavism The Slavic Congress in Prague is something unheard of, in Europe as well as among the Slavs themselves. For the first time since our appearance in history, we, the scattered members of a great race, have gathered in great numbers from distant lands in order to become reacquainted as brothers and to deliberate our affairs peacefully. We have understood one another not only through our beautiful language, spoken by eighty millions, but also through the consonance of our hearts and the similarity of our spiritual qualities. The truth and sincerity that have guided all our deliberations have persuaded us to make our demands known before God and the world.

The Latin and Germanic peoples, formerly famous in Europe as powerful conquerors, have for millennia guaranteed their independence by their swords and have satisfied their lust for power in many ways. Their statecraft, based mainly upon the right of greater strength, gave freedom to the upper classes alone, who ruled with the help of privilege while only imposing duties upon the people. Only recently, owing to the strong influence of public opinion, which like the spirit of God has suddenly spread throughout all lands, has it been possible to break the fetters of feudalism and to return to the individual, everywhere, the eternal and inalienable rights of man.

The Slavs, on the other hand, who in the past loved freedom most fervently when it was least attended by a lust for power and a thirst for conquest, and in whom the longing for independence always hindered the creation of a higher central authority, fell one after another to domination. As a result of a policy that the world had for a long time judged to be appropriate, our noble brothers, the heroic race of the Poles, were also robbed of their state; it appeared that the whole, great Slavic world had fallen forever into slavery and that its compliant subjects did not hesitate to surrender even their capacity for freedom. . . .

We Slavs therefore reject and abhor every domination by mere force that tramples upon these claims; we condemn all privileges and special rights, as well as all political class distinctions; we demand, without exception, equality before the law and equal rights and responsibilities for everyone. Wherever one person among millions is born into oppression, there true freedom is still unknown. Yes, liberty, equality, and fraternity for all who live in the state is our watchword today, as it was a thousand years ago.

It is not only in behalf of the individual within the state that we raise our voices and make known our demands. The nation, with all its intellectual merit, is as sacred to us as are the rights of an individual under natural law. Even if history allows men to develop more fully in some nations than in others, it always shows that the capability of development of those other nations is in no way limited. Nature, which knows neither noble nor ignoble nations, has not called upon any of them to dominate another, nor has it appointed any nation to serve another in attaining its particular goals. The same rights of all to attain the optimum development is a law of God, which no nation may transgress without punishment. It is a sin, however, when such a law is neither recognized nor, as would seem proper, observed by the most advanced nations of our times.

That which they have already willingly renounced, namely authority and guardianship vis-à-vis individual persons, they still claim vis-à-vis individual nations: They indiscriminately claim the right to dominate in the name of freedom. Thus, the Briton refuses to recognize the Irishman as being of equal birth; thus, the German threatens the Slavic nations with force if they should refuse to contribute to the political might of Germany; thus, the Magyar claims for himself the exclusive right to nationality in Hungary. We Slavs condemn absolutely all such claims and refuse them the more emphatically, the more unjustifiably the freedoms are disguised. We remain faithful to our nature; we do not wish revenge for past injustices, and we extend our hand to all neighboring peoples who are prepared with us to recognize and to protect the complete equality of all nationalities, without regard to their political power or their size. . . .

In the belief that the powerful spiritual stream of today demands new political forms and that the state must be reestablished upon altered principles, if not within new boundaries, we have suggested to the Austrian Emperor, under whose constitutional government we, the majority, live, that he transform his imperial state into a union of equal nations, which would accommodate these demands no less fully than would a unitary monarchy.

We see in such a union not only salvation for ourselves but also freedom, culture, and humanity for all, and we are confident that the nations of Europe will assist in the realization of this union. In any case, we resolve, by all available means, to win for our nationality the complete recognition of the same political rights that the German and Hungarian peoples already enjoy in Austria. The enemies of our nationality have succeeded in frightening Europe with the specter of political Pan-Slavism . . . but we no know the magic word that alone can exorcise this specter and promote freedom, culture and humanity. . . .The word is justice! Justice for the Slavic peoples in general and for its oppressed peoples in particular.

The German boasts that he is superior to the other races and that he is qualified to judge the particular characteristics of other nations fairly. We hope that he won’t be caught in a lie when talking about the Slavs. We raise our voices vigorously in behalf of our brothers, the Poles, who were robbed of their national identity by insidious force. We call upon the governments to rectify this curse and these old onerous and hereditary sins in their administrative policy, and we trust in the compassion of all Europe. We further protest against the arbitrary division of a country, especially as this applies today in Poznania. We expect the Prussian and Saxon governments to desist from pursuing their systematic denationalization of the Slavs in Lusatia, Poznania, and East and West Prussia. We demand that the Hungarian Ministry abolish without delay the use of inhuman and coercive means toward the Slavic races in Hungary, namely, the Serbs, Croats, Slovaks, and Ruthenians, and that they promptly be completely assured of their national rights. Finally, we hope that the inconsiderate policies of the Porte will no longer hinder our Slavic brothers in Turkey from strongly claiming their nationality and developing it in a natural way. . . .

As the youngest, but in no way the weakest, we enter again into the political arena of Europe and suggest that we summon a peoples’ congress of all European nations for the purpose of advising on international questions. We are convinced that free peoples can agree more easily than paid diplomats. May this suggestion be considered, lest the reactionary policy of individual courts again provoke the anger and hatred of nations to the point where they will destroy one another.

In the name of the liberty, equality, and fraternity of all people!

http://www.age-of-the-sage.org/history/1848/manifesto_slav_congress.html#Slav_Congress_1848_Manifesto

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Czechoslovak manufactured artillery was used to defend many Slavic nations. This piece is on display at the Petrovaradin Fort in Serbia

 

 

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1918 News Report by Reuters

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Throughout their history, Slavs were striving for unity and had the urge to help their fellow Slavs in distress. They admire and cheer each other when they triumph over evil or manage to accomplish great feats. We relish our victories and share our sadness with each other. All the nations of the Slav family had their unity movements in one or another fashion. This feeling may be overtaken by other immediate priorities but it never goes away.  

A great Czech, Slavic patriot, Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939) was an artist determined to express his feelings on canvas and leave his work of art as posthumous reminder for future generations.  In a series of imposing paintings which he named Slavic Epic (Slovanska Epopej), Mucha depicted scenes from pre Christian Slav existence to major historical Slav themes  in various countries. You may read about this here: 

http://www.pricejb.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/slav-epic/introduction.htm 

View the paintings and click on them to enlarge here:  

http://www.pricejb.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/slav-epic/Gallery.htm

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Slavic Genetics

 As can be gathered from this genetic study, Slavs belong to the same genetic pool, albeit with some degree of alien admixture.

http://dienekes.50webs.com/blog/archives/000205.html

May 20, 2003

mtDNA and Slavic Ethnogenesis

Russian Journal of Genetics 37 (12): 1437-1443, December 2001

Differentiation and Genetic Position of Slavs among Eurasian Ethnic Groups as Inferred from Variation in Mitochondrial DNA

B. A. Malyarchuk

The distribution of identical and similar (phylogenetically related) types of hypervariable segment 1 (HVS1) of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was studied in human populations belonging to three Slavonic groups and nine ethnogeographic groups of Eurasia (total sample size 2772 people). The results testified to a common origin of West, South, and East Slavs and revealed a central place of West Slavs among all Slavonic ethnic groups. Mixing was shown to play a substantial role in the formation of specific features of all three Slavonic gene pools. The mitochondrial gene pools of the Slavonic ethnic groups proved to preserve features suggesting a common ancestor for these and South European populations (especially those of the Balkan Peninsula).

(2) West Slavs occupy the central position among all
Slavonic ethnic groups
. The West Slavonic gene pool
has the maximum number of rare common and similar
mtDNA types as compared with the gene pools of Russians
and Bulgarians, while these two Slavonic ethnic
groups are only to an extent genetically similar to each
other.

(3) Interethnic interactions (mixing and assimilation)
have played a substantial role in the formation of
the genetic portrait of various Slavonic groups. West
Slavs show a high genetic similarity to German ethnic
groups (Germans, Austrians); Bulgarians are similar to
the ethnic groups of the Balkan Peninsula; and Russians
are similar to the Finno-Ugric ethnic groups of
Northern and Eastern Europe
.
The results obtained allow the following conclusions.

(4) The gene pools of all Slavonic ethnic groups
show an appreciable similarity to the gene pools of
South European ethnic groups and especially to the ethnic
groups of the Balkan Peninsula
. In addition, a substantial
fraction of rare and unique mtDNA types found
in the populations of Italy and Mediterranean islands
have analogs in the gene pools of West and East Slavs.
This testifies to a hypothesis that ancestors of modern
Slavs originally diverged from South European populations
to form an individual branch
.

From the anthropological viewpoint, the high
genetic similarity between Russians and West Slavs can
be explained on the basis of a hypothesis that the major
anthropological type was brought to the Russian Plain
from the west and the southwest by East Slavonic ethnic
groups
[21]. In addition, the above genetic data provide
evidence in favor of the concept that the genetic
features of modern Russians are determined by mixing
of Slavs and the Finno-Ugric populations of Eastern
Europe
. Detection of common mtDNA types in the
gene pools of Russians and Iranians suggests an ancient
connection between Slavs and Scythian populations of
the steppe zone of Eastern Europe
(which is supported
by the anthropological, linguistic, and archeological
data [1-3, 20].

Conclusion (4) that the Slavonic mitochondrial gene
pool is similar to that of the Balkan populations is supported
by linguistic data, as proto-Slavonic dialects are
considered connected with the southeastern group of
Indo-European dialects
([1], pp. 81-82).

Note also that the data on mtDNA variation in the
European populations are in general agreement with
data on polymorphism of the Y chromosome [22]. As
has been shown by now, a high similarity of the gene
pools of West and East Slavs is evident from the distribution
of paternal lines in the European populations.
First of all, this concerns the distribution of line 92R7TSRY1532A
in the Slavonic gene pools. The difference
in gene pool between individual Slavonic groups have
been attributed by their mixing with neighbors. For
instance, a high (11.6% on average) frequency of line
TatC in East Slavs can be explained by their intense
contacts with Finno-Ugric European populations
,
which display the maximum (36% on average) frequency
of this marker. It is clear that a complex
approach utilizing data of molecular genetics and
humanities is necessary for further analysis of the origin
and differentiation of Slavonic ethnic groups.

Posted by Dienekes at May 20, 2003 10:57 PM | PermaLink

Comments

There are currently theories that modern Balkan Slavic groups were native to the Balkans in pre-history in terms of Proto Slavic ethnic/linguistic groups. Does this study substantiate this?

Posted by: Nika at May 21, 2003 03:40 PM

No, this study does not address such theories. Historical testimony is fairly overwhelming that the Slavs did not originate in the Balkans where they arrived in the 1st mill. AD. But the study points to the possibility that the elements which would later form the Slavs were of southern origin.

Posted by: Dienekes at May 21, 2003 06:01 PM

As always, BS :D

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Any serious student of Russian history will be familiar with the term “Slavophil”. Slavophil ideas were always present in Russian state politics and no Russian policies were ever devoid of this trait. While Slavophil ideas were not always the preferred consideration of the tsars, they were inevitably represented in the Russian court and exercised influence on decision making. The Slavophils asked for nothing less than to place Slavic agenda on top of the priority list of the Russian state. This was neither a partisan nor political movement, it simply demanded affirmation of Russian identity as Slavs and policies to reflect that. This ideological orientation was particularly pronounced in matters of Russian foreign policy and only the Russian language has an explicit term for the study of Slavdom славяноведение.

 

The page below from The Slavonic Review  offers some insight into the issues.

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 It is a well known historic fact that Russia sacrificed herself to save Serbia in the First World War but according to US Senator Jon Kyl, Russia considered nuclear strike against the US as response to NATO aggression against Yugoslavia. This fact is suppressed in American media in order to manufacture popular support for ongoing US military adventures abroad.

Notably, Russia has considered attack options that in­clude EMP. During the May 1999 NATO air campaign against Serbia, members of the Russian Duma, meeting with U.S. congressional counterparts, reportedly speculated about the paralyzing effects of an EMP attack on the United States.89 (Page 12)  

http://www.ifpa.org/pdf/IWG2009.pdf

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A57774-2005Apr15.html

Unready For This Attack

By Jon Kyl

Saturday, April 16, 2005; Page A19

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EARLY HISTORY

 

Most of Europe’s peoples can be grouped into three basic racial stocks; namely LATIN, GERMANIC and SLAVIC. In early European history Celts were the dominant people in many parts of western and central Europe but their misfortune is that they had the Germanic tribes as neighbours, so that today they exist only in Ireland, Scotland and Wales, only the southern part of Ireland being an independent entity.

The Slavs also had to struggle and defend themselves from Germanic onslaught from the west. This process of colonization of eastern areas of Europe where Slavs were indigenous even had a specific German phrase; “Drang nach Osten”, which simply means push to the east. This process was not practiced exclusively by Germanic tribes which are part of Germany today but even Swedes tried to steal Polish and Russian territories. Only Slav unity saved Slavic peoples from a greater disaster when the German aggressors were soundly defeated at the battle of Grunwald in 1410 AD. (See the Polish bar relief below)

Due to these expansionist drives, much of Slavic archeological treasures are found in the eastern part of Germany where today only about 60.000 indigenous Slav inhabitants live in conditions of gradual extinction. Those people are called Łužice Serbs and their ancestors were once masters of the landmass between the Baltic Sea and the Czech state of Moravia. All the city names in the eastern part of Germany, including Berlin, are of Slavic origin and had original Slavic names, only to be Germanized  in the process of absorbtion. The city of Leipzig  was originally Lipsk. (See the original German report about an archeological find) Partial translation: 

  …The oldest items are made of flintstone and stem from the   middle stone age (Circa 5000 – 3000 years BC.). In the Bronze and Iron age, this area was also settled by people (about 1000 and 500 BC.) The Slavs established later a village on the hill. After it was destroyed by fire, they strengthened the natural defense with a wall.   …Archelogical remains tell us that the fortification was bult in the 9th and 10th century.     …In any case, the wall was leveled flat and a Slavic village was established there in the 12th century, which at the time of  German eastern expansion possibly gave reason for building a fort at this location.

In order to appreciate complex issues of Slav historic legacy, we want to point out that the Slavs originally existed in geographic proximity to each other and shared a readily understood common language. Beyond that, they also shared the same world view and worshiped same dieties in their common pre Christian religion. They did not have  a common polity but due to their religious, cultural, ethnic and linguistic homogeneity, they operated in a coordinated fashion and protected their common interests. It is thus easy to understand why Slavs migrated south into the Balkan peninsula in a coordinated and well reasoned manner in the sixth century. Excerpts from:  История  Юужных  и Западных Славян, Москва, 1957 

 

 

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For an impressive presentation on early Slavic history, please go to this excellent site   

http://www.andrzejb.net/slavic/

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Museums in all Slavic countries abound with archeological treasures of our ancestors and we want to present some of them to you here. All of them are from a Russian language book Славяне (Slavs), published in Prague in 1988. We thank Milenko Popovic for donating the book to the Canadian Slav Committee.

The amazing similarity in Slav weaponry of 9th and 10th century found in distant geographical locations from each other speaks to the fact that the Slavs shared more than just linguistic ties. Here we have examples of swords found in Ukraine, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia and they seem as if they had been crafted in the same shop.

9th century swords from Czechoslovakia

 

10th century swords from the Dnieper region of Ukraine

9th century sword from Croatia

These random items you are going to see will give you some insight into the lives of ancient Slavs, how they lived, worshiped, died and sometimes delicate craftmanship they were capable of.

Ancient Slavs had their own calendar of twelve months which indicated seasonal changes. The months had original Slavic names based on observation of changes in their natural surrounding. Today, five Slavic nations still use those ancient names on their calendar and not the ones of Latin origin known in the west.

The original Slav religion had lasted up to the acceptance of Christianity. Slavs had many different dieties of which the chief God was Perun. He was the ruler of Heaven and lightning, an all powerful figure. Here is the reconstruction of a place of worship from the 9th century near Novgorod, Russia.

Another portable statue of a Slavic God Svetovid from the 9th century. It was the God of war and plentiful harvests and had faces looking in all four directions. He carried a horn of plenty in one hand and a bow in the other and was accompanied by his horse.

   

Twelfth Century image of Slavic God Svetovid (Svantovit) holding cornucopia. Image found in Altenkirchen eastern Germany

Tenth Century Svetovid statue found in Poland

7th century grave of a child and adult in Žerovce, Czechoslovakia. Slavs had a practice of burying their dead with supplies of food for the afterlife. Here, both the adult and child had a dish with food at their feet.

Czechoslovakia: 6th century ceramic urns and 7th century cup and plate

Golden ornaments from Bulgaria, 8-9 century

Russia: Golden necklace with pendants, 7-8 century

7-8 century earings from Ukraine

 

9th century ruins of a Slav settlement in contemporary Austria

10th century Slavic silver ornaments in Sweden

7-8 century golden necklace and medallion from Russia

9th century golden jewelry from Czechoslovakia

Gold jewelry from Serbia, 8-9th century

9-10 century decorative ampule from Poland (Krakow region)

Serbia: 10-11 century bronze and silver rings with distinct Slavic bird depictions

9th century cup from a nobleman's grave found in Czechoslovakia

Sophisticated mechanical locks were used by the Slavs already in the 9 and 10th centuries. This was in the Slav pre German part of eastern Germany

9th century silver book cover from Czechoslovakia

Glagoljica, the original, Pre-Cyrillic alphabet used by the Slavs. This one is from the 9th century Bulgaria.

10th century Glagoljica text from Kievan Russia

11th century Codex in Glagoljica in Yugoslavia

Ancient Russian Musical Notation

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